5G Glossary

What is 3GPP?

The 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) is an international collaboration between seven telecommunications standard development organisations (ARIB, ATIS, CCSA, ETSI, TSG, ITU, and TTA) that collaborate to create and maintain the technical specifications for 2G, 3G, 4G, LTE-Advanced, and 5G mobile networks.
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What is 5G NR (New Radio)?

5G New Radio (NR) is the new radio interface being developed by the 3GPP for 5G cellular networks. It is designed to provide speeds up to 10 Gbps, as well as reduced latency, improved spectrum efficiency, and increased capacity. It is the first 5G radio interface to be standardised, and is expected to be widely adopted in the near future.
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What is 5G NSA Mode?

5G non-standalone mode is a technology that allows 5G networks to be deployed using existing 4G infrastructure. This technology allows carriers to provide 5G coverage in areas where they don’t yet have the necessary equipment in place to build out a fully-fledged 5G network.
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What is 5G SA Mode?

5G SA mode is a term used to describe the standalone operation of the 5G network. In this mode, the 5G network is not reliant on any other network infrastructure and can operate independently.
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What is 5G?

5G is the fifth generation in mobile networks. It is the super fast successor to 4G, because in theory you can achieve a download speed of 4.2 gigabits per second.
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What is 5GTF?

The 5G Technical Forum (5GTF) is an organization that promotes the development and adoption of 5G technology. The 5GTF was founded in 2015 by Verizon and a group of companies that are working on 5G technology, including Nokia, Qualcomm, and Samsung. The 5GTF's goal is to create a standards-based approach to 5G that will enable a smooth transition to the next generation of wireless technology.
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What is 802.11ax?

The 802.11ax standard—officially known as IEEE 802.11ax-2019—is the latest generation of Wi-Fi (Wi-Fi 6). It builds upon the previous 802.11ac and 802.11n standards by adding numerous improvements that make it faster, more efficient, and more capable of handling dense networks.
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What is Baseband?

Baseband is a type of signal that consists of a single carrier wave with no modulation. This makes it different from other types of signals, such as amplitude modulation (AM) or frequency modulation (FM), which do have modulation. Baseband is used for a variety of purposes, including carrying digital data, carrying analog data, and providing a clock signal for synchronising other components in a system.
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What is Beam steering?

Beam steering is a technique used in 5G networks to direct radio waves to a specific target, such as a user's device. By steering the beam, the 5G network can provide a more efficient and reliable connection.
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What is Beamforming?

Beamforming is a signal processing technique used in sensor arrays for directional signal transmission or reception. This process involves combining elements in an array in order to direct a wave in a desired direction or at a specific target. The main advantage of beamforming is that it helps to reduce interference from other sources and increases the overall signal-to-noise ratio.
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What is C-band?

C-band is a range of electromagnetic frequencies used for various telecommunications purposes, including fixed-satellite service. The name comes from the fact that the frequencies are in the "C" range of the electromagnetic spectrum.
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What is CBRS?

The CBRS band is 150 MHz of spectrum in the 3.5 GHz band that is being made available for shared use by the Federal government, commercial wireless service providers, and unlicensed users. The CBRS band is broken up into three tiers of access: General Authorized Access (GAA), Incumbent Access (IA), and Priority Access (PA).
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